Saturday, January 26, 2008

《天堂邊緣》(Edge of Heaven)



2008開始得還不賴,接二連三好戲連場,《大吉利是有限公司》、《集結號》、《末世凶煞》和《天堂邊緣》皆是心頭好;死後唔該各界友好送小弟「死不瞑目」四隻大字,讓身後每年的好戲都不會閉目錯過。

最近《天堂邊緣》(Edge of Heaven) 確是讓人深沉感嘆的好電影,起初以為導演Fatih Akın應該年紀老邁,才能拍出這類看透世情的電影,翻查資料才驚覺他是1973年出生的土耳其裔德國導演,實在非同凡響。

《天堂邊緣》是Fatih Akın的「愛、死亡、魔鬼」生命三部曲之二,第一部是《愛從零開始》(Head On),我沒看過因此無從評價,但兩齣電影的故事人物都以移民在德國的土耳其人及其後代為主角。

翻查Wikipedia,2004年的德國有接近200萬的土耳其裔公民,是人口最多的德國少數族裔,不少下一代更已入籍德國;造成這麼多土耳其移民德國的原因,是在二次大戰後的六、七十年代,西德經濟起飛,需要大量輸入外勞,當時的西德政府官方邀請土耳其的工人當Gastarbeiter,意指「客席工人」,來舒緩勞工緊張的情況,後來不少土耳其工人留在西德開枝散葉,成為德國一大族群。

本身是土耳其裔的導演Fatih Akın自然對自己人和國家特別關心,在《天堂邊緣》裡便可看到很多關於土耳其的政治和經濟議題,以及土耳其人及其後代在德國的生活和狀態。回望香港,我們已有不少菲律賓、印巴裔和南亞人士居住,甚至不少已定居香港並組織家庭,我們卻好像視而不見,究竟香港何時才有這類關心少數族裔及文化差異的電影上場呢?

當然,政治和經濟議題只是背景元素,探討人生的命運/差錯/寛恕/反思才見電影的真章。《撞車》和《巴別塔》確是同道中人,它們是超然世外的客觀描述,談各人命運之巧遇與關連讓人驚嘆無奈,卻似乎偏重於賣弄說故事技巧,反而缺少了人文關懷;《天堂邊緣》卻正正以人道立場來細說故事,命運弄人生離死別在所難免,感嘆之餘無奈之餘卻教你懂得寬恕和包容,人物角色有成長有反思更互為影響,縱使面對如此無常的人生,我們要學會怎樣珍惜和把愛延續,才不致於讓生命變得虛無。

值得留意的是最後一幕,男主角坐在沙灘看海,等待老父出海回歸,讓人有無限哀思的想像。更重要的是,不要出了工作人員字幕便離開,當你為整個畫面寧靜而沉思時,一個白色膠袋卻悄然飄過,不論這是導演故意安排還是命運偶然,我覺得這才是真正對主題的以小見大。

12 comments:

Anonymous said...

我今天下午也看了這齣戲, 它確是近年難得一見的佳作. 很同意閣下對"撞車"和"巴別塔"的評價--流於賣弄, 並且都是"主題做得大, 但真正到肉的描寫卻少得可憐"的野心之作.
"天堂邊緣"卻有着對人的關懷, 包括對死者及活着的人. 當看到Lotte的母親在她"出事"後特意留在她住過的房間, 走過她走過的路, 然後選擇原諒了Yeter的女兒, 我不禁淚流滿面.
白膠袋出現的一幕, 很可惜我錯過了; 不過, 對於男主角的等待, 我總以為是會等得到的, 我甚至幻想他父子倆和留在那間屋裏的那兩個女子會面.
另, 不知你有否留意, 片末字幕最先出現的好像是"獻給某人"之類的話(出現了某年到某年的代表生卒年份的資料),不知是否真的如此, 那人又是誰?

波夫波的廁旁手記 said...

對,那一場Lotte的母親原諒了Yeter的女兒,我也非常感動,那確是愛的延續;大概是因為她讀完了女兒的日記,感受到她與女兒的共鳴,明白女兒的一切,於是她突然放下了,並以勇氣去繼續愛女兒愛的人.
對於教授的等待,我卻是悲觀的.雖然心裡還是期待遠處會漸漸浮現一艘船的蹤影,但既然人生充滿錯失,我也很難充滿期望.
我留意到你說的字幕,但不知道是誰,暫時也找不到任何資料...

波夫波的廁旁手記 said...

現在看來,那"獻給誰"的字幕很有可能是獻給電影裡提及的土耳其歌手Kâzım Koyuncu(1971-2005),他死於肺癌,是環保份子,抗議在土耳其黑海北岸興建核子反應堆.

winsome said...

我都有看啊,但因入場前沒有翻查歷史背景,看時也有不明白的地方。你這篇寫得很好!好過我在wiser找到的文章哩...
喂,你又記得教授叫爸爸看的那本書嗎?不知是甚麼書,會令他看得老淚縱橫?

波夫波的廁旁手記 said...

我也很好奇,老爸看什麼書會讓他如此落淚?但暫時仍找不著......

Claire said...

Towards the end of the credits, details about the book Nejat gives to his father are given (it's a Turkish translation of "Die Tochter des Schmieds" by Selim Özdogan) with a request to read it: "Lest dieses Buch, Leute!" ("Read this book, people!")
Selim Özdogan is a friend of Fatih Akin.
Before the credits start to roll, there's a dedication to producer and actor Andreas Thiel, who died in Istanbul shortly before filming was finished.

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0880502/crazycredits

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